Women is always considered as second sex and this ideology has led to exploitation of women by patriarchy. They have become vulnerable group due to rising intolerance among the male counterpart on the progressive thinking of women.
Robert Browney considers that atrocities against women are committed in the form of denial of woman’s right to abortion in catholic state even if her life is at stake. They are seen as body of pleasures and thus exploited by men with or without their consent. In case of India various primordial practices like sati were conducted which were subsequently abolished. Therefore atrocities have cultural dimension, advocates Ranji Palirwala.
Utsa Patnaik tells that atrocities are a form of economic exploitation of women in family. They are forced to work more than a pair of bullocks and in return are not granted any privileges and food.
Veena Das advocate that women are worst victims of violence. Whether it is war in family or country, atrocities are committed against women in the form of kidnapping, bride burning, rape, sexual assault and trafficking. Leela Dubey considers that atrocities are implicitly conducted in the form of restriction on movement, clothing pattern, socialization, and also in the form of early marriages. Dowry is demanded from them and divorce is institutionalized in case of non-fulfillment of demands of bride.
Patricia Uberoi talks about institutionalization of atrocities by state by formulating family planning which leads to experimentation on woman’s body through abortion as well as new scientific techniques and leads to loss of reproductive power, isolation and exploitation. A women is forced to kill another women before she is born.
Selvan considers that dalit women are killed, their modesty outraged, they are forced to walk naked and burnt in case of South Indian Villages. Therefore atrocities of women start from private sphere and expand to public sphere with the age of the woman.
Annihilative measures require government to implement law in letter and spirit coupled with breakdown of cultural norms and values. When Utsa Patnaik and Omvedt calls for economic and financial independence of women, equal wage for equal work, radical feminist advocates for shift from marriage centric to divorce centric society.
Kalpana Sharma(a columnist in The Hindu) says that women require all round development and political, social, economic empowerment through reservation, equal wages, sensitive police and judicial system and recognition of their freedom.