Saturday, 26 October 2013

Social Movement

Social movements are a reaction to maintenance of status quo and initiation of social change. It can be in the form of protest, collective mobilization. Marx considers that social movement is revolution driven by true class consciousness of workers for establishment of communism. This substantiated the ideological premise of social change.
However Max Weber considers that SM are not ideological specific but also based on type of leadership, change in value system, education etc. Various scholars consider that social movements are the product of political isolation or economic disparity. Rajni Kithari considers that green revolution, CDPs have contributed for rise of multi party system which contributed for social movement against single party system at the centre and thus gave rise to coalition system.
Guha and Gadgil consider that social movement are environmental movements which are issue specific and parochial in nature. While Smelser considers that social movement are influenced by structural conduciveness, appropriate resources, participation, media campaigns, technology etc.

Therefore it can be advocated that social movements are dynamics and participative and transformed from ideological based to issue based and this can be gauged from Anti Corruption movement, Anti Posco movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan, RTI movement for the growth of inclusive society.

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