Friday, 19 June 2015

Booklist for Prelims : GEOGRAPHY

  1. NCERT Books for class 11 & 12 (4 books)
  2. Certificate Physical and Human Geography G.C.Leong
  3. Orient Black Swan Atlas

How to prepare?

1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography NCERT class 11 & GC Leong have many common topics.
Basics of geography – The Earth & the Universe may be studied from GC Leong. Landforms may be studied from NCERT.
World climate zones are analysed in depth in GC Leong while NCERT gives comparatively less information. Atleast one time reading of this topic from GC Leong will help.

For other topics, one may compare the content and decide what to be studied, based on his/her needs – time available, depth of knowledge that one wants.
Overall, good understanding of the underlying science behind every concept is very essential to answer questions in CSE.

2. NCERT class 11 India Physical Environment will give a comprehensive idea about India’s physical features, climate, vegetation etc; and it may be studied after studying the basics of Earth’s structure, Climatological concepts for easier understanding.
Environmental aspects of geography like wildlife conservation, pollution etc will be covered under environment & ecology. It is a huge topic to cover but I will mention sources separately in the Environment Section.

3. NCERT class 12 Fundamentals of Human Geography is important for human and economic geography. Data such as population of any random country is not essential. The concepts have to be understood.

4. NCERT class 12 India -People And Economy deals with the Indian aspect of it.
Population and demography has to be studied along with the latest census data – 2011. One should also know the most recent data on important indicators like – Infant Mortality rate (IMR), Maternal Mortality rate (MMR), Total fertility rate (TFR) etc. Clear understanding of what each indicator actually means is required, as the questions are becoming more dynamic.

Tribes in India and areas of their presence may be prepared from Human Geography by Majid Husain (very useful for geography optional), else it may be searched on the internet.

Land, soil, agriculture & water resources have to be studied along with soil & drainage systems (physical geography) for a comprehensive understanding & ease of remembering.
Similarly, minerals & energy resources have to be studied along with manufacturing industries. While preparing about agro-based industries, one has to recollect crop patterns and their geographical coverage.

Under the topic transport & communication, one has to know the important sea-ports, roads like national highways (people generally prepare NH1 to NH10 & other important ones, for eg: NH 223 – cutting through the Jarawa reserve (in news due to Supreme Court order), NH 47A – shortest NH, connecting Cochin city & Willingdon island in Vembanad lake.
Few important gas & oil pipelines must also be known, and may be related to the location of petrochemical & fertiliser industries.

Additional Reading :

1. Linking current issues with geographical concepts and locations.

Eg: Nepal earthquake – Origin of Himalayas? Why Himalayas are geologically unstable? How the mountain system has affected India’s geography, climate etc. Such questions may be anticipated.
Eg: Jarawa tribes - Great Andaman Trunk Road, origin of Andaman islands, location, climate & vegetation in that region.

Any reports released by the Government or any other global institutions regarding sustainable development, conservation, demographics etc maybe prepared alng with relevant topics

Most of these aspects will be studied by us during the course of preparation, but constant revision is needed to recollect them when questions are asked linking 2-3 topics.

2. Census data – recent figures.

Always study along with an atlas. Keep referring whenever needed. Make maps of rivers, mountains, minerals, crops, rainfall etc, for quick revision later.

Compare and study topics that can be. Eg: Compare Himalayan system & Great Plains, Eastern Himalayas Vs Western Himalayas, Himalayan Vs Peninsular rivers, North-east Vs South-west monsoon, Rice Vs wheat cultivation, Andamans Vs Lakshadweep, Eastern Vs Western ghats, and many more. Brainstorm points – it will help you recollect and concise notes will help for CSE mains too.

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